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دانش آموزان،دانشجویان و معلمان زبان انگلیسی - Tense choice in reported speech sentences
پنجشنبه 29 بهمن 1394

Tense choice in reported speech sentences

   نوشته شده توسط: ali rahimian    

Q1. Mary: "I’ve lost my dictionary!"(You report this just after you hear it. You know it is still true.)
Mary said that she’s lost her dictionary. Can you help us find it?
Mary said that she’d lost her dictionary. Can you help us find it?

 
Q2. "This test will be easy!" (The test was last week.)
I thought the test would be easy, but I was wrong!
I thought the test will be easy, but I was wrong!

 
Q3. Mary: "John’s not very well!" (Two hours after Mary tells you this, you see John jogging in the park.)
Mary said you don’t feel well, so how come you’re out running?
Mary said you didn’t feel well, so how come you’re out running?

 
Q4. Miho: "I’m flying back to Japan tomorrow." (Miho told you this last week.)
Miho told me that she was flying back to Japan the next day.
Miho told me that she’s flying back to Japan tomorrow.

 
Q5. John: "I’m 37." (You don’t believe him.)
He said he was 37, but he looks much older.
He said he’s 37, but he looks much older.

 
Q6. Yuto: "I come to school by bus." (Yuto is in your class and you believe what he says.)
Yuto said he comes to school by bus.
Yuto said he came to school by bus.

 
Q7. Gloria: "I can speak 6 languages." (You have heard that Gloria does not always tell the truth.)
Gloria said that she can speak 6 languages.
Gloria said that she could speak 6 languages.

 
Q8. Jae-Hun: "I played tennis yesterday." (Jae-Hun tells you this today, and you report it to Mike today.)
Jae-Hun said that he had played tennis the day before.
Jae-Hun said that he played tennis yesterday.
Jae-Hun said that he had played tennis yesterday.

 
Q9. Teacher: "Come here please." (The teacher says this to you in the classroom. You report it to your friend in the playground.)
The teacher told me to come here.
The teacher told me to go to him.

 
Q10. Sally: "I don’t eat chocolate." (Sally tells you this at 10.15. Twenty minutes later you see her eating a chocolate bar.)
You just told me that you don’t eat chocolate!
You just told me that you didn’t eat chocolate.

 
Q11. You think: "Why is she not talking to me?" (You report your thoughts to your friend the next day.)
I wondered why she isn’t talking to me.
I wondered why she wasn’t talking to me.
I wondered why she hadn’t talked to me.

 
Q12. Hee-Yoon: "I don’t like the new science teacher." (You report this a few weeks after hearing it, but you know it is still true.)
Hee-Yoon told me that she doesn’t like the science teacher.
Hee-Yoon told me that she didn’t like the science teacher.

 
Q13. Harry: "I didin’t do my homework." (He told you this 3 days ago.)
Harry said that he hadn’t done his homework.
Harry said that he didn’t do his homeowrk.

 
Q14. Filip: "I saw her in the cafeteria an hour ago." (Filip told you this 15 minutes ago, and you now report it to the teacher.)
Filip said that he’s seen her in the cafeteria an hour ago.
Filip said that he saw her in the cafeteria an hour ago.
Filip said that he’d seen her in the cafeteria an hour before.

 
Q15. Mimmi: "Sorry. I can’t play tennis. I’m too busy" (She said this last week.)
Mimmi said that she had been too busy and couldn’t play tennis.
Mimmi said that she was too busy and couldn’t play tennis.

 
Q16. Mother: "What have you been doing all day?" (Your mother asked you this yesterday.)
My mother wanted to know what I was doing all day.
My mother wanted to know what I had been doing all day.
My mother wanted to know what I have been doing all day.

 
Q17. Joo-Hi: "I’m playing tennis after work today. Do you want to play too?" (Your friend said this to you this morning.)
Joo-Hi said she’s playing tennis after work today and asked if I wanted to play too.
Joo-Hi said she was playing tennis after work today and asked if I want to play too.
Joo-Hi said she’s playing tennis after work today and asked if I want to play too.

 
Q18. Teacher: "You have a grammar test tomorrow." (Your teacher told you this last week.)
The teacher told us that we had a test the next day, but I forgot to study.
The teacher told us that we have a test tomorrow, but I forgot to study.

 
Q19. Akiko: "Were you in school yesterday." (Akiko asks you the question 10 minutes before you report it to Yuta.)
Akiko asked me if I were in school yesterday.
Akiko asked me if I was in school the day before.
Akiko asked me if I was in school yesterday.
Akiko asked me if I had been in school yesterday.

 
Q20. You: "Why is he late?" (This is what you are thinking now.)
I wonder why he was late.
I wonder why he is late.

 
Q21. You: "Who’s taken my pencil?" (You said this in class yesterday, and report it to your friend today.)
I wanted to know who took my pencil.
I wanted to know who had taken my pencil.

 
Q22. Maria: "Have you seen Filip?" (Maria asked you this question yesterday.)
Maria wanted to know if I saw Filip.
Maria wanted to know if I had seen Filip.

 
Q23. Sang-Jae: "Do we have a test tomorrow?" (Sang-Jae asked you this question this morning. You report it to your friend in the afternoon.)
Sang-Jae wanted to know if we have a test tomorrow.
Sang-Jae wanted to know if we had a test tomorrow.

 
Q24. You: "Where is Noriko?" (You asked this question yesterday. Today you ask your friend .. )
Did you know where Noriko is?
Did you know where Noriko was?
Did you know where Noriko has been?
Did you know where Noriko had been?

 
Q25. Mitch: "Who’s going to the party on Friday?" (Mitch asked this question on Tuesday in the week of the party. You reported the question the same day.)
Mitch asked me who was going to the party that Friday.
Mitch asked me who is going to the party this Friday.

 
Q26. Yuki: "I don’t like Japanese food." (You don’t believe her. She’s Japanese!)
Yuki said she doesn’t like Japanese food.
Yuki said she didn’t like Japanese food.

 
Q27. Frank: "I promise not to fall asleep next lesson." (You heard Frank say this to the teacher in class two days ago.)
Frank promised not to fall asleep next lesson.
Frank promised not to fall asleep the next lesson.

 
Q28. Prime minister in a TV broadcast: "Unemployment has fallen." (You simply report what you heard. You neither want to imply that you believe the information nor that you disbelieve it.)
The Prime Minister said that unemployment had fallen.
The Prime Minister said that unemployment has fallen.

 
Q29. Alex: "What you you buy if you won €10,000?" (He asked you last week.)
Alex asked me what I would buy if I won €10,000.
Alex asked me what I would have bought if I had won €10,000.

 
Q30. You: "How is Christy today?" (Your friend Christy has been sick. You report to her today the question you asked yourself yesterday.)
I wondered how you were.
I wondered how you are.


 
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