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دانش آموزان،دانشجویان و معلمان زبان انگلیسی - SYNECDOCHE
یکشنبه 7 شهریور 1395

SYNECDOCHE

   نوشته شده توسط: ali rahimian    

SYNECDOCHE: Substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa

Part to Represent Whole

It is common in our language for part of something to be used to represent the whole.

For example:

  • The word “bread” can be used to represent food in general or money (e.g. he is the breadwinner; music is my bread and butter). 
  • The word “sails” is often used to refer to a whole ship.
  • The phrase "hired hands" can be used to refer to workmen.
  • The word "head" refers to cattle.
  • The word "wheels" refers to a vehicle.

Whole to Represent a Part

Using the whole to refer to a part is also a common practice in speech today.

For example:

  • At the Olympics, you will hear that the United States won a gold medal in an event. That actually means a team from the United States, not the country as a whole.  
  • If “the world” is not treating you well, that would not be the entire world but just a part of it that you've encountered.
  • The word "society" is often used to refer to high society or the social elite.
  • The word "police" can be used to represent only one or a few police officers.
  • The "pentagon" can refer to a few decision-making generals.
  • "Capitol Hill" refers to both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives.  

Read more at http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-synecdoche.html#h2Ya5MxqVfwyIogL.99


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